Read the following text about exercise and teenagers and choose the missing phrases or sentences. The text has ELEVEN gaps.  The first one is an example (0). There are two sentences/phrases that you do not need to use. All the options begin with a lower case letter. You will get 1 point per correct answer.

The World Health Organization (WHO) says that 80% of the world’s teens don’t get enough exercise to live healthy lives [0]. The pattern of inactivity could have serious effects as these teens become adults.

The report,  [1], was based on research done with students aged 11 to 17 in 146 different countries. The WHO has been studying teen activity levels since 2001 and reports that not much has changed since then.

The WHO says that kids should get at least an hour of medium to vigorous (hard) exercise every day.  [2] or many other activities.

Doctors say 60 minutes of exercise is needed for teens to build up their bone and muscle strength. It’s also  [3]. Regular activity can help people control their weight, too.

More and more research is showing that exercise doesn’t just help the body,  [4], improving thinking, test scores, and school grades.
Trevor Shilton, [5], says, “If this [exercise] were a medicine, we’d all be taking it.”

Activity levels were different in different countries, and they were also very different between boys and girls. In the US, for example, 64% of boys were not active enough, compared to 80% of girls.

South Korea was the country with the lowest activity levels – 91% of the boys and 97% of the girls didn’t get enough exercise. The country with the most active students was Bangladesh, but even there, 63% of the boys and 69% of the girls were not active enough.

One big reason for the lack of activity in today’s teens is technology,  [6]. Many teens find it very hard to pull themselves away from their devices, whether they are texting, playing games, or watching videos or movies.

The WHO warns that young people need to do less playing in the digital world,  [7].

Health experts want schools and families to encourage teens to be more active. Teens should take part in sports, whether on official teams  [8].

Exercise can also be built into a normal day’s activities. For many people, walking or biking to school is one way to make that happen. Even those who have to drive to school [9].

Doctors point out that the 60 minutes each day don’t need to be done all at once. They can be broken down into smaller chunks, like 20 minutes, three times a day.

Experts believe that it’s very important for young people to build these habits now, [10] of those habits can carry through into adult life. Studies show that the best way to predict how active someone will be as an adult is to look at how active they were as a teen.

Source: NFK EDITORS - November 29, 2019

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